Streaming Audio Now Bigger than AM/FM Radio among US Teens


American Teens now spend more time with streaming audio services such as Pandora and Spotify than they do with AM/FM radio (including both over-the-air and the online streams of AM/FM stations), according to the Fall 2014 Share of Ear℠ report, new research from Edison Research.

“While AM/FM Radio listening leads by a significant margin among all other age groups, much of teens’ listening time has shifted to pureplay Internet audio services like Pandora and Spotify and others,” said Larry Rosin, President of Edison Research.  “This could be a lens into the future of audio usage.”



This finding is the first public release from the Fall 2014 Share of Ear℠ report. Share of Ear℠, a twice-yearly tracking study, is unique among audio measurement studies in that it evaluates all forms of audio, including AM/FM radio, streaming audio, owned music, podcasts, SiriusXM satellite radio, TV ‘cable radio’ channels (such as Music Choice), and others. The study is available via subscription. For more information, contact

How the Study was Conducted:

Edison Research conducted a nationally representative study of 2,021 Americans ages 13 and older to measure their time spent listening to audio sources. Respondents completed a 24-hour diary of their audio listening on an assigned day. Diaries were completed both online and by-mail using a paper diary. Online diaries were completed November 4-15, 2014 and diaries by-mail were completed October 14-20, 2014. Diaries were completed in both English and Spanish.

About Edison Research

Edison Research conducts survey research and provides strategic information to a broad array of clients, including Activision, AMC Theatres, Disney, Dolby Laboratories, Google, Gulf News, the U.S. International Broadcasting Bureau, Pandora, Samsung, Siemens, Sony, Time Warner and Yahoo. Edison Research works with many of the largest American radio ownership groups, including Bonneville, Emmis, Entercom, CBS Radio and Radio One. Another specialty for Edison is its work for media companies throughout the world, conducting research in North America, South America, Africa, Asia, and Europe. Edison Research is the sole provider of election exit poll data for the National Election Pool comprised of ABC, CBS, CNN, FOX, NBC and the Associated Press. Edison is also the leading provider of consumer exit polling and has conducted face-to-face research in almost every imaginable venue.

Edison joins the DPAA

It’s an exciting time to be a part of the out-of-home industry as it continues to flourish and expand. Edison has been conducting research for digital out-of-home clients for over a decade.

By joining the The Digital Place Based Advertising Association (DPAA), we plan to share our expertise and continue to help companies to research, learn and grow. In collaborating with advertisers, agencies and DOOH networks, we can promote the effectiveness of digital place-based advertising. Whether by advertising effectiveness studies, customer experience and engagement studies or audience estimates, we can provide information and analysis for confident buying and planning through valid research using industry-wide standards.

Thanks to our fellow DPAA members for the warm welcome at last night’s quarterly meeting. A press release from DPAA is here. If you are interested in learning more about Edison’s out-of-home work, check it out here.

A New Christmas Hit, And A Holiday Gift

By Sean Ross

Why does a new song become a Christmas hit, especially when it’s so hard to create a “new” holiday song?  For the same reason, apparently, that any phenomenal song reaches mainstream pop radio from beyond the usual realm of consideration: because a label wanted it to happen.

Last year, Kelly Clarkson’s new “Underneath The Tree” pushed its way into the twenty most played songs at AC, a neighborhood typically populated by much older songs. Clarkson’s song was well-calculated for AC: a core artist working the retro-Spector ’60s style that has come to signify holiday music since “All I Want For Christmas Is You.” But RCA also made it known to radio that they wanted the airplay. That’s a commitment that few major labels make, lest it distract from their other priorities.

On Monday, Republic released the new Ariana Grande holiday single, “Santa Tell Me.” The subject line of the promotional email blast was “the first #1 holiday pop song in 20 years is here.” On Tuesday, the trade ads made clear that the song was “impacting Top 40, Hot AC, and AC radio now.” It also featured major call letters, including New York’s Z100, Chicago’s B96, Miami’s Y100, and Milwaukee’s Kiss 103.7.

Grande has had four top 10 hits since spring, if you count her appearance on Jessie J’s “Bang Bang.” The fourth, “Love Me Harder” just cracked the top 10. In addition, Epic put out a holiday original, “I’ll Be Home,” by Meghan Trainor, even as her second single, “Lips Are Movin’,” continues to build. And Disney has taken trade ads on behalf of “Do You Want To Build A Snowman?” from “Frozen,” urging PDs to think of it as a holiday song. The lead artist on “Snowman,” Kristen Bell, is also represented on the new Straight No Chaser single, “Text Me Merry Christmas.”

It’s significant that Republic wanted to go for a holiday single. If anything, it’s a way to further establish Grande as a significant enough artist to generate interest with a holiday original. (Taylor Swift’s holiday airplay is for a pair of standards, “Last Christmas” and “Santa Baby”). And it’s sooner in Grande’s career arc than either Mariah Carey or Wham, acts that managed equally rare holiday breakthroughs in the ’80s and ’90s respectively.

Edison’s Holiday Gift

For our part, over the last decade that Edison Research has done holiday music testing, we’ve been very cognizant of how songs move in or out of the holiday canon. As with “Do You Want To Build A Snowman,” we’ve also noticed that not every song has to be holiday themed. For “My Favorite Things,” which emerged as a reliable tester, it was the mere combination of references to winter weather and a movie often enjoyed around the holidays.

In our most recent holiday music test, we were curious about what other songs might work. We included a number of transcendent songs that had appropriately warm sentiments, but weren’t necessarily holiday related. Two tested playable – “Somewhere Over The Rainbow” by Israel Kamakawiwo’ole and “One Love”/”People Get Ready” by Bob Marley. Then there was “What A Wonderful World” by Louis Armstrong, which came back top 15.

That song has baffled PDs in recent years. It hasn’t ever been a sonic fit for most of the stations that play it. Most Classic Hits and Adult Contemporary stations have contemporized and few PDs want to play an odd MOR holdover from the mid ’60s. But unless yours is the first all-holiday station to draw a hardline on Burl Ives and Andy Williams, there are no fit issues at Christmas, and no reasons not to play a great-testing song of holiday goodwill. Consider it your holiday gift from Edison.

Why Businesspeople Love Podcasts

In fact, 23 reasons why. Jay Baer has put together a compelling (and exhaustive!) infographic on the power of podcasting for businesspeople and marketers, including some of our very own statistics. We at Edison are celebrating a decade of Podcast Research, and we can’t wait to add to this infographic in early 2015!





How Effective Is In-Taxi Video?

That’s just the sort of question we love to answer here at Edison Research, so we devised a study to find out. Among the eye-opening results: 82 % of riders surveyed said they are likely to seek information about the products and services they saw advertised. More about our work for Creative Mobile Technologies on the effectiveness of ABC’s in-taxi programming can be found here.